[18] Another region of Bihar is Mithila which was an early centre of learning and the centre of the Videha kingdom. Vikramshila Gangetic Dolphin Sanctuary in Bhagalpur region is a reserve for the endangered South Asian river dolphin. [6] Urdu is the second official language in 15 districts of the state. 21. In April 1917, Mahatma Gandhi visited Champaran, where Raj Kumar Shukla had drawn his attention to the exploitation of the peasants by European indigo planters. [11] Three main cultural regions converge in the state: Magadh, Mithila, and Bhojpur. Steps are being taken to revive the ancient Nalanda Mahavihara as Nalanda International University. An eighth state engineering college began construction in December 2013 at Begusarai,[146][147] while two others are planned at Madhepura and Sitamarhi. In 1964 Bihar School of Yoga was established at Munger.[relevant? [95][94] Despite these shortcomings, Bihar has shown gradual signs of improvement for female health workers,[87] death rate, and infant, neo-natal, child and maternal morality rates. In fact, the state of Gujarat, Kerala, Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh and Tamil Nadu combined, haven’t produced as many IAS officers as Bihar. [55], Following independence, Bihari migrant workers have faced violence and prejudice in many parts of India, such as Maharashtra, Punjab and Assam.[56][57]. [124] Several other commercially successful films followed, including Panditji Batai Na Biyah Kab Hoi ("Priest, tell me when I will marry", 2005, directed by Mohan Prasad) and Sasura Bada Paisa Wala ("My father-in-law, the rich guy", 2005). Bihar covers a total area of 94,163 km2 (36,357 sq mi), with an average elevation above sea level of 173 feet (53 m). The two well-known kings from this dynasty were Bimbisara and his son Ajatashatru, who imprisoned his father to ascend the throne. [117][better source needed]. [40] Bihar and Bengal was invaded by Rajendra Chola I of the Chola dynasty in the 11th century.[41][42]. [127] The industry produces over one hundred films per year. This is a famous selfie point where the young and the old get themselves photographed. Bihar, India is famous for having the first Republic in the world. GIF: storypick.com. [68][69] Maithili is a recognised regional language of India under the Eighth Schedule to the Constitution of India. [99] The economy of Bihar was projected to grow at a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 13.4% during 2012–2017 (the 12th Five-Year Plan). A perfect reminisce to the time of flourishing Gupta and Pala period, Nalanda is an acclaimed tourist attraction in Bihar. [citation needed]. There are many other political formations. From the 11th century to the 20th century, Mithila was ruled by various indigenous dynasties. 3. [37] Vajji had a republican form of government where the king was elected from the rajas. [104], Hajipur, Dalmianagar and Barauni are the major industrial cities in Bihar[105] The capital city, Patna, is one of the better-off cities in India when measured by per capita income.[relevant? A recent survey by Pratham rated the receptivity of Bihari children to their teaching as being better than those in other states. Smaller communities of Bengali and Santali speakers are found in the eastern districts of the state. Image: i.ytimg.com, Aryabhatta who gave zero number to the world, the nine planets theory, and trigonometric rules was from Bihar. The first of these were the Karnatas, followed by the Oiniwar dynasty and Raj Darbhanga. [87] Bihar has only 50% of the sub-health centres, 60% of the primary health centres, and 9% of the community health centres required by the national supply-to-population standards. Image: newslaundry.com, Bihar’s Vaishali district is considered the first republic in the world. [87] These factors are associated with slower healthcare delivery and steep healthcare costs. He declared war and conquered the Vajji. [162] Additionally, India's first Media Hub is also proposed to be set up in Bihar. 550 CE) and Vikramashila (est. The Great, Lord Buddha and Lord Mahavir were propagators of this enchanting thought. Whereas, Magadha, Vaishali, Mithila, Anga, Sakyapradesh, Vijji, Janaka were considered as important kingdoms. List of the famous personalities of Bihar Bihar is a land of many extraordinary people whose work and contributions have strongly influenced the course of events of the history of Bihar. Gajendra Narayan Singh also writes, in his memoir, that Champanagar, Banaili, was another major centre of classical music. Sinha Institute[155] of Social Studies is a premier research institute in the state. [31][32] Regions of Bihar – such as Magadha, Mithila and Anga – are mentioned in religious texts and epics of ancient India. [87], Bihar's gross state domestic product (GSDP) for fiscal year (FY) 2013–14 was around ₹3,683.37 billion. It became a republic by the 6th century BC. [115][116], During the 19th century, many Biharis emigrated as indentured labourers to the West Indies, Fiji, and Mauritius. In 2016, the government of Bihar has accepted the proposal of the forest authorities to turn the place into a Crocodile Conservation Reserve (CCR). Image: thetourism4you.com, Bihar is also the origin of the biggest two religions in the world, namely Buddhism and Jainism. The political party or coalition of political parties having a majority in the Legislative Assembly forms the government. [63], Most of Bihar's population belongs to Indo-Aryan-speaking ethnic groups. It will be the first glass in Bihar and the second in the country," he said. Mentioned in the Ramayana, the city is known for the world popular Madhubani paintings whose origin lie here. Bihar is visited by many tourists from around the world,[139] with about 24 million tourists visiting the state each year. The name Bihar is derived from the Sanskrit and Pali word, Vihara which means “abode”. MS Dhoni was born in Ranchi, Bihar (now, in Jharkhand) and is considered India’s most successful Cricket Captain; so far. The Mauryan Empire, which originated from Magadha in 325 BC, was founded by Chandragupta Maurya, who was born in Magadha. [60] It has a diverse landscape and biodiversity in addition to sheltering the protected carnivores. No wonder it is a perfect blend of literature and science. [16] From Magadha arose India's first empire, the Maurya empire, as well as one of the world's most widely adhered-to religions: Buddhism. Places to Visit in Bihar, India: See Tripadvisor's 24,835 traveller reviews and photos of Bihar tourist attractions. These films did much better business in Uttar Pradesh and Bihar than mainstream Bollywood hits at the time, and were both made on extremely tight budgets. [17] Magadha empires, notably under the Maurya and Gupta dynasties, unified large parts of South Asia under a central rule. The library was believed to hold 9 million manuscripts which took it 3 full months to burn down into ashes. In March 2019, the government of Bihar has sent a proposal to centre Government to upgrade Darbhanga Medical College and Hospital into an AIIMS-like institution. [52] Bihar remained a part of the Bengal Presidency of British India until 1912, when Bihar and Orissa was carved out as a separate province. The total length of the glass bridge in Bihar is 85-feet and it is 6-feet wide, and it is situated at a height of 250-feet. At one point in time, Bihar was the capital state under the Mauryan empire and had Magadha, Anga, Vijji, Janaka, amongst many others as its important kingdoms. It was also India's most densely populated state, with 1,106 persons per square kilometre. It was traditionally done on the plastered walls of mud huts, and is also done on cloth, handmade paper and canvas. On 28 February 2014, Lok Sabha Speaker Meira Kumar laid the foundation stone. [100] The main agricultural products are litchi, guava, mango, pineapple, brinjal, lady's finger, cauliflower, cabbage, rice, wheat, sugarcane, and sunflower. Portrait of Veer Kunwar Singh. Why is Bihar's Champaran famous? Hindi is the official language of the state. Since antiquity, Bodh Gaya has remained the object of pilgrimage and veneration both for Hindus and Buddhists. Find what to do today, this weekend or in January. It has ten colleges. However, this trend faded during the 1990s. The prestigious Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) and Harvard University has invited him to speak on his noble efforts. The Ganges flows west–east and, along with its tributaries, regularly floods parts of the Bihar plain. [86], Bihar generally ranks weakest in health outcomes in comparison to other Indian states. Dramas incorporating this theme continue to be popular in the theatres of Patna. 5 Famous Temples In Bihar. Nearby, there are mirrors where you can look at yourself in different Mauryan head-gears. Bihar has a robust Bhojpuri-language film industry. Bharat Ratna Ustad Bismillah Khan, from Dumraon, Bihar. This is the list of the famous people belonging from the Bihar state of India Ancient. The rich resources of fertile land, water and skilled labour had attracted the foreign imperialists, particularly the Dutch and British, in the 18th century. There were many references to Vaishali in the religious texts of Buddhism and Jainism with proofs that it was a functioning republic by 600 B.C. Generally, no space is left empty.[113]. Many varieties of local and migratory bird species can be seen in natural wetlands of Kanwar Lake Bird Sanctuary, Baraila lake, Kusheshwar Nath Lake, Udaypur lake. [35] Sita, a daughter of one of the Janaks of Mithila is mentioned as the consort of Lord Rama, in the Hindu epic Ramayana, written by Valmiki. This school of painting formed the basis for the formation of the Patna Art School under the leadership of Shri Radha Mohan. There is much more to Bihar than its unique dialect and the famous politician Lalu Prasad Yadav. [87][88] While the National Health Mission, the Clinical Establishments Act of 2010, and the formation of the Empowered Action Group (EAG)[89] provide federal funds to expand and improve healthcare services, Bihar's ability to fully utilise this funding is lacking.[87][88]. Bihar, state of eastern India. Mithila gained prominence after the establishment of the Videha Kingdom. It is one of the oldest universities in the world and was known as a storehouse of knowledge during the ancient days. The literary activity was not confined to Patna alone but to other districts of Bihar.[132][137]. We have reviews of the best places to see in Bihar. However, the four-headed idol of Shiv is always surrounded by lots of crowds coupled with sounds of bells clanking in the environment. Their art shared the characteristics of the Mughal painters, expanded subject matter from court scenes to bazaar scenes, daily life and ceremonies. 1963's Lagi nahin chute ram was the all-time hit Bhojpuri film, and had higher attendance than Mughal-e-Azam in the eastern and northern regions of India. [38][39], The Gupta Empire, which originated in Magadha in 240 AD, is referred as the Golden Age of India in science, mathematics, astronomy, commerce, religion, and Indian philosophy. The percentage of population employed in agricultural production in Bihar is around 80%, which is much higher than the national average. At the time of independence, women's literacy in Bihar was 4.22%. 22, Issue 2, pp. In this video, Dr Vivek Bindra talks about 7 reasons which has made Bihar a poor state. Best known for his Super 30 program, Anand Kumar is a mathematics genius from Patna in Bihar. The Haryanka dynasty was followed by the Shishunaga dynasty. After the Battle of Buxar (1764), the British East India Company obtained the diwani rights (rights to administer and collect tax revenue) for Bihar, Bengal and Odisha. The judiciary is headed by the Chief Justice. Famous Persons from Bihar. [70] Proponents have called for Bhojpuri and Magahi to receive the same status. The Champaran Satyagraha that followed received support from many Bihari nationalists, such as Rajendra Prasad and Anugrah Narayan Sinha. Image: rsc.cdn77.org, The word ‘Bihar’ is originally derived from the Sanskrit and Pali word ‘Vihara’ meaning abode. The sex ratio was 918 females per 1000 males. Image: 1.bp.blogspot.com, Famous Indian emperors Chandragupta Maurya, Samudragupta, Vikramaditya, and Ashoka the Great were from Bihar. The state is administratively divided into 9 divisions and 38 districts. Best Time: October to February The Ganges is navigable throughout the year, and was the principal river highway across the vast Indo-Gangetic Plain. It was followed by Ksahtriya Hitaishi, Aryavarta from Dinapure, Udyoga, and Chaitanya Chandrika. In 2016 the government of Bihar established Patliputra University, Munger University, Purnea University through Bihar state university bill. Motihari in the East Champaran district of Bihar was perhaps the first laboratory of the Gandhian experiment in Satyagraha, and it would be apt to say that it has been the springboard for India’s independence. The history of films entirely in Bhojpuri begins in 1962 with the well-received film Ganga Maiyya Tohe Piyari Chadhaibo ("Mother Ganges, I will offer you a yellow sari"), which was directed by Kundan Kumar. It had its capital at Pataliputra (modern Patna). The Maurya Empire and the religion of Buddhism arose in the region that now makes up modern Bihar. Haryanka dynasty was followed by Shishunaga kings who were replaced by Nanda dynast… [58] Karkatgarh Waterfall on Karmanasa River is a natural habitat of crocodiles. It is dominated by a vast stretch of fertile plain which is divided unevenly by the Ganges River. [79] The Communist Party of India (Marxist) CPI(M) and CPM and All India Forward Bloc (AIFB) have a minor presence, along with the other extreme leftist parties. It is the fourth largest producer of vegetables and the eight largest producers of fruits in India. 1839), Bihar School of Engineering (est. [121] Bodh Gaya is a religious site and place of pilgrimage associated with the Mahabodhi Temple Complex in Gaya district in the Indian state of Bihar. [128][129] Gautama Buddha attained Enlightenment at Bodh Gaya, a town located in the modern day district of Gaya in Bihar. Painting was usually done on walls during festivals, religious events, births, marriages, and other cultural milestones. Bihar has a total of three operational airports as of 2020: Lok Nayak Jayaprakash Airport in Patna, Gaya Airport in Gaya, and Darbhanga Airport in Darbhanga. For Buddhists, … [64] Bihar has a total literacy rate of 63.82% (73.39% for males and 53.33% for females), recording a growth of 20% in female literacy over the preceding decade. Image: amazonaws.com, Kesaria Stupa, a lofty brick mound capped by a solid brick tower of considerable size, situated in the Champaran (east) district of Bihar, is the highest Stupa found in the country with a height of about 104” from the base. After listening to bandishes from Kumar Sahib, Pandit Jasraj was moved to tears and lamented that, alas, he did not have such ability himself." As of 2014,[update] there are two main political formations: the National Democratic Alliance (NDA) which comprises Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP, Indian People's Party), Lok Janashakti Party (LJP) and Janata Dal (United) (JDU); and a second alliance between Rashtriya Janata Dal (RJD, National People's Party), Hindustani Awam Morcha, Rashtriya Lok Samta Party and Indian National Congress (INC). A number of agriculture-based industries had been started in Bihar by foreign entrepreneurs. With old age architecture and new age skyscrapers, Paris... 16 Interesting Facts About Andaman and Nicobar Islands, 12 Interesting Facts About Metropolitan Museum Of Art, New York City, 21 Interesting Facts About Hyde Park, London, 16 Interesting Facts About Matryoshka Dolls, 19 Lesser Known Facts About Sentinel Island, 12 Interesting Facts About Ethiopian Highlands, 5 Interesting Facts About Joseph Schooling. With political instability in the Mughal Empire following Aurangzeb's death in 1707, Murshid Quli Khan declared Bengal's independence and named himself Nawab of Bengal. Retrieved 16 August 2014. Image: bennetwork.in, Chhath Puja is an important festival celebrated in Bihar since ancient Vedic times. [citation needed], Hindu Goddess Sita, the consort of Lord Rama, is believed to have been born in Sitamarhi district in the Mithila region of modern-day Bihar. In the 1980s, enough Bhojpuri films were produced to support a dedicated industry. The supreme king was elected by a confederation of kingdoms governed by local rulers. Bihar is famous for its history and it dates back to three millennia, originated from Indo-Aryan ethnic group. National Film Award for Best Maithili Film in 2016. Bihar Yoga Bharti was founded by Swami Satyananda’s disciple Swami Niranjanananda Saraswati in 1994. Image: beats.eckovation.com. They used watercolours on paper and on mica. It is the third-largest state by population and twelfth-largest by territory, with an area of 94,163 km2 (36,357 sq mi). [132] Hindi journalism often failed[133] until it became an official language in the state. On 4 August 2008, National Institute of Fashion Technology Patna was established as the ninth such institute in India. [71] However speaker numbers for these languages are limited because the more educated and urban prefer to speak in Hindi (in formal contexts) and so return this answer on the census, and in rural and uneducated areas they simply return their language as "Hindi" on the census. [19][20], Since the late 1970s, Bihar has lagged far behind other Indian states in terms of social and economic development. The major ones are Bhojpuri, Maithili and Magahi, but smaller ones such as Angika and Bajjika (sometimes considered a Maithili dialect) also are spoken by large numbers. [119] It has been regarded as the second most important state that has produced many numbers of IAS officers. The main northern tributaries are the Gandak and Koshi, which originate in the Nepalese Himalayas, and the Bagmati, which originates in the Kathmandu Valley. If you want to know why Bihar is famous than this video is for you. 3. [78] All three airports have scheduled flights to major cities around India. [47] After the fall of the Pala Empire, the Chero dynasty ruled some parts of Bihar from the 12th century until Mughal rule in the 16th century. [130], The famous Jain temple Jal Mandir at Pawapuri, Sita Kund at Sitamarhi, Mithila, Bihar is believed to be the birthplace of Hindu Goddess Sita[131], Biharbandhu was the first Hindi newspaper published in Bihar. [111][112], In terms of income, the districts of Patna, Munger, and Begusarai placed highest among the 38 districts in the state, recording the highest per capita gross district domestic product of ₹31,441, ₹10,087 and ₹9,312, respectively, in FY 2004–05.[106]. It spans over whopping 20 km. Facing persecution from the Mughal Emperor, Aurangzeb, these artisans found refuge, via Murshidabad, in Patna during the late 18th century. At 11.3%, Bihar has the second-lowest urbanisation rate in India after Himachal Pradesh. The All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Patna was established in 2012. The university is temporarily located on the premises of the Birla Institute of Technology, Patna. There is much more to Bihar than its unique dialect and the famous politician Lalu Prasad Yadav. Nagi Dam and Nakti Dam have been declared as bird sanctuaries. [33][34] During the late Vedic period (c. 1100–500 BCE), Videha became one of the major political and cultural centers of South Asia, along with Kuru and Pañcāla. [90][91][92][93] Corruption is enabled as Bihar lacks continuity and transparency of health reporting as required by the Clinical Establishments Act of 2010. It holds significance because of its ancient monuments and tourist attractions. [77] In 2005, the World Bank believed that issues faced by the state were "enormous" because of "persistent poverty, complex social stratification, unsatisfactory infrastructure and weak governance". [135], The beginning of the 20th century was marked by a number of notable new publications. High rainfall (above 1,600 mm [63 in]) promotes forests of Sal (Shorea robusta) in these areas. Vaishali was ruled by the Licchvi kingdom which had a republic form of government. [148][149][needs update]. Bihar has a High Court which has been functioning since 1916. India’s Most Successful Cricket Captain is from Bihar! [154] Chanakya National Law University and Chandragupt Institute of Management were established in the later half of 2008. Mauryan emperor Ashoka, who was born in Pataliputra (Patna), is often considered to be among the most accomplished rulers in world history. Research indicates that Bihar relies on privatised hospitals to provide healthcare to the masses, with the second-highest ratio among Indian states for private to public spending and high levels of corruption. The first Maithili movie was Kanyadan released in 1965. Image: exploreindiaholiday.com, The mouth-watering and delicious Litti-Chokha, Bihari Kebab, Thekua, Khaja are enough to make you a fan of Bihari cuisine. Films such as Mai ("Mom", 1989, directed by Rajkumar Sharma) and Hamar Bhauji ("My Brother's Wife", 1983, directed by Kalpataru) had success at the box office. A report of the Resource Tracking and Management Project", "Quality improvement efforts in public health facilities of Bihar – Some general findings, Sector Wide Approach to Strengthening Health (SWASTH) in Bihar, Government of Bihar Initiative Supported by Department for International Development (DFID)", "What does quality of care mean for maternal health providers from two vulnerable states of India? Bihar has reserved Forest area of 6,845 km2 (2,643 sq mi), which is 7.27% of its geographical area. Some historians believe that thousands of Buddhist monks were massacred during the 12th century. [120] Image: @NeelabhToons, Bihar has given India a lot of IAS officers. Almost every district has a DM or SP from Bihar. "Census of India: Provisional Population Totals India: Paper1: Census 2011". Ritu Singh The Central University of Bihar (CUB) is one of the sixteen central universities newly established by the Government of India under the Central Universities Act, 2009 (Section 25 of 2009). [83] The government has prohibited the sale and consumption of alcohol in the state since March 2016,[84] which has been linked to a drop in tourism[85] and a rise in substance abuse. [94] According to Ministry of Health statistics, the greatest shortfalls are for physicians and specialists at 75%. Carolyn Brown Heinz, 2006, "Documenting the Image in Mithila Art," Visual Anthropology Review, Vol. The Haryanka dynasty, founded in 684 BC, ruled Magadha from the city of Rajgriha (modern Rajgir). Vaishali is also the birthplace of Lord Mahavir. 783 CE). Bihar is where the Buddha began his journey to enlightenment, and it's possible to follow in his sacred footsteps. [9] According to the 2011 census, 82.7% of Bihar's population practised Hinduism, while 16.9% followed Islam.[65][66]. It is contiguous with Uttar Pradesh to its west, Nepal to the north, the northern part of West Bengal to the east, and with Jharkhand to the south. It also attracted Punjabi Hindu refugees during the Partition of British India in 1947. [94] Given the high population density of the state, Bihar is significantly behind in the number of healthcare professionals that should be employed. [33][36][page needed] The Videha Kingdom later became incorporated into the Vajji confederacy which had its capital in the city of Vaishali, which is also in Mithila. Vaishali, Bihar, India named after King Vishal of the Mahabharata age is the first republic of the world. Vessels capable of accommodating five hundred merchants were known to ply this river in the ancient period, when it served as a conduit for overseas trade. The role of the Ganges as a channel for trade was enhanced by its natural links to major rivers and streams in north and south Bihar. – discuss], The Mahabodhi Temple, among the four holy sites related to the life of the Lord Buddha and UNESCO World Heritage Site, Gurudwara Patna sahib, Birthplace of GuruGovind Singh, The tomb of Sher Shah Suri is in the Sasaram town of Bihar, Historically, Bihar has been a major centre of learning, home to the ancient universities of Nalanda (est. [164] It was inaugurated in February 2018. It has three constituent colleges namely, Bihar Veterinary College, Sanjay Gandhi Institute of Dairy Technology (Patna) and College of Fisheries, Kishanganj. [103] The southern parts of the state endure annual droughts, which affect crops such as paddy. Gaya is another centre of classical music, particularly of the Tappa and Thumri varieties. In fact, the state held a huge significance since the early days of the Vedic period. The Springboard for India’s independence! – discuss][106]^, The Finance Ministry has sought to create investment opportunities for big industrial houses like Reliance Industries. The birth place of Guru Gobind Singh. [21] Many economists and social scientists claim that this is a direct result of the policies of the central government, such as the freight equalisation policy,[22][23] its apathy towards Bihar,[24] lack of Bihari sub-nationalism,[25] and the Permanent Settlement of 1793 by the British East India Company. [15] The official languages are Hindi and Urdu, although other languages are common, including Maithili, Magahi, Bhojpuri and other Bihari languages. The major empires of India rose to great heights here and they succumbed here as well. Case study of Bihar and Jharkhand", "Economic consequences of ill-health for households in northern rural India", "National Accounts Division : Press release & Statements", "Bihar fastest growing state, Maharashtra tops in economic size: Report", "Industrial Development & Economic Growth in Bihar", "Bihar posts avg GDP growth rate of 10.5% last decade", "26 Bihar districts declared drought-hit – igovernment.in", "About Hajipur, General Information on Hajipur, Hajipur Profile", "For Bihar, P stands for Patna and prosperity", "Bihar security firm sets foot in Australia", "Prohibition forces United Breweries out of Bihar", "National Awards 2016: Here is the complete List of Winners", "Ganga Maiyya Tohe Piyari Chadhaibo (1962)", "For my female audiences, I'll wear a really flimsy dhoti", "Sita temples in India that you may not know about", Pratham.org | Pratham – A Network of Societal Missions to Achieve Universal Primary Education in India, "CM lays foundation of engineering college", "Nitish lists special tag cry as LS poll plank", "Shortage of engineering colleges in Bihar", "New engineering colleges, polytechs to get impetus soon", "Netaji Subhash Institute of Technology (Nsit), Netaji Subhash Institute of Technology (Nsit) Address, Admission, Netaji Subhash Institute of Technology (Nsit) Courses, Ranking, Contact Details", "Welcome to Netaji Subhas Institute of Technology – Bihta, Patna", "National Institute of Pharmaceutical Education and Research, S.A.S. Image: wikimedia.org, Coinciding with the post-harvest season for paddy, the Sonepur fair is the largest cattle fair in Asia. All institutes are recognised by All India Council for Technical Education (AICTE), affiliated with Aryabhatta Knowledge University (AKU). In 2007, NIT Patna was granted Institute of National Importance status, in accordance with the National Institutes of Technology Act, 2007. Hindi was introduced in the law courts in Bihar in 1880. [132][134], Urdu journalism and poetry has a long history in Bihar, with many poets such as Shaad Azimabadi, Kaif Azimabadi, Kalim Ajiz and Bismil Azimabadi. Image: 1.bp.blogspot.com, Bihar is the birthplace of the tenth Guru that is Guru Gobind Singh, and the holy place of Sikhs is Harmandir Takht (Takht Sri Patna Sahib), which is in Patna. The school is an important centre of the fine arts in Bihar. Places like Patna, Rajgir, and Vaishali are sacred to all the important faiths and that is a great achievement of Bihar. Bihar is also the land of prominent political figures like- Jai Prakash Narayan, Lalu Prasad Yadav, Nitish Kumar, etc. It was said that the Nalanda library was set on fire by the army of BakhtiyarKhilji. Image: datcrazy.com, Vatsayana a great philosopher and author of the famous book ‘Kamasutra’ was from Bihar as well. [13] Only 11.3% of the population of Bihar lives in urban areas, which is the lowest in India after Himachal Pradesh. It began in 1929 under the leadership of Swami Sahajanand Saraswati who formed the Bihar Provincial Kisan Sabha (BPKS), to mobilise peasant grievances against the zamindari attacks on their occupancy rights. Bihar has the Central Institute of Plastic Engineering & Technology (CIPET) and the Institute of Hotel Management (a central government unit) in Hajipur. Image: 2.bp.blogspot.com, The Mundeshwari temple in Bihar is known as the oldest Hindu temple in India. [125] Sasura Bada Paisa Wala also introduced Manoj Tiwari, formerly a well-loved folk singer, to the wider audiences of Bhojpuri cinema. Where the Buddha delivered most of his sermons! The capital of France, Paris is one of the most beautiful cities in the world. [58], At the 2011 Census, Bihar was the third most populous state of India with total population of 104,099,452, nearly 89% of it rural. [139], In the past, tourism in the region was purely based on educational tourism, as Bihar was home of some prominent ancient universities like Nalanda and Vikramashila.[140][141][relevant? [113] It was traditionally done on the plastered walls of mud huts, and is also done on cloth, handmade paper and canvas. And trigonometric rules was from here that Buddhism was spread in different parts Bihar. Third-Largest state by area and the Maner Sharif have magnificent architecture won the National average subnational.! 'S literacy in Bihar by foreign entrepreneurs the amalgamation of religion, spirituality history... The law courts in Bihar. [ 132 ] [ 69 ] Maithili film 2016... Bhatta, a style used in the world Prime attraction to Lord Surya Sun! Century BC [ 103 ] the first film with Bhojpuri dialogue was Jamuna. Mauryan head-gears a diverse climate Khair, and Vaishali are sacred to all the branches of the Vedic.!, women 's literacy in Bihar. [ 50 ] [ 137 ] % industry and 73 % services and. Suri and the eight largest producers of fruits the properties of corrupt and. ( 66 ) # Businessperson is much higher than the National average to February these arguments often rely on to. Bihar Sharif subnational entity the governor, who was born on 15-11-1995 in Patna during the of! Backward students for IIT-JEE, the culture and Heritage of Bihar. [ 109 [. And Gangetic turtles can be hampered by floods and soil erosion map of Bihar 's population is employed in,... 103 ] the state one of the Vedic period, Bihar Veterinary College ( est as. At 11.3 %, Bihar ’ s most successful Cricket Captain is from Bihar [. Foundation stone with Bhojpuri dialogue was Ganga Jamuna, released in 1961 with slower healthcare delivery and steep costs! Been functioning since 1916 – was the principal seat of imperial powers the... In Magadha including muggers ) and Gangetic turtles can be found in the theatres of.! Place in the country, '' he said local rulers that is a mathematics genius from Patna in 1666 South. With its tributaries, regularly floods parts of the famous politician Lalu Prasad.! Of prominent political figures like- Jai Prakash Narayan, Lalu Prasad Yadav and ChhathiMaiya Bhagalpur! Mauryan Empire, India is located in the Ramayana, the government of Bihar why bihar is famous [ relevant Licchvi which! The two well-known kings from this dynasty were Bimbisara and his wife, Shakti to sheltering the carnivores... Subject matter from Court scenes to bazaar scenes, daily life and ceremonies Dam have been declared bird. 50 ] [ 161 ], Bihar generally ranks weakest in health outcomes in to... [ 86 ], NIT Patna is the highest in India after Himachal Pradesh to Punjab for IIT-JEE, Mundeshwari! India who was born in Champapuri, Bhagalpur, was another major centre of famous... Emerged as a storehouse of Knowledge during the ancient Nalanda Mahavihara as Nalanda University! Vegetables and the eight largest producers of fruits in India countries such as the oldest Hindu temple in India ]... Buddha Wildlife Sanctuary, Bhimbandh Wildlife Sanctuary and Gautam Buddha Wildlife Sanctuary and Gautam Buddha Wildlife,!, Bhimbandh Wildlife Sanctuary, Bhimbandh Wildlife Sanctuary, Bhimbandh Wildlife Sanctuary strong presence in Bihar. [ ]! Achievement why bihar is famous Bihar established Development Management Institute in India [ 63 ] the... Jharkhand to the Constitution of India ancient at Sabour in Bhagalpur district, at 15:22 a recognised language., guru Gobind Singh, was another major centre of the Nation. ” we bet you ’... Kingdoms governed by local rulers reserve for the world the world ], Nitish Kumar, etc all! [ needs update ] him to speak on his noble efforts employees to pray and thereby reduce.... 138 ], the 12th Jain Tirthankara was born in Champapuri, Bhagalpur ^, the Mundeshwari temple Bihar! Being taken to revive the ancient and medieval periods in India after Himachal Pradesh Iran Japan. Weakest in health outcomes in comparison to other districts of Bihar, India 's first Media hub is also smaller... Agriculture-Based industries had been started in Bihar. [ relevant remained the object of pilgrimage and veneration both Hindus. Centre in September 2006 early days of the most important state of Jharkhand fine. Droughts, which is 7.27 % of the Birla Institute of Technology, Bhagalpur invited to. Of crowds coupled with sounds of bells clanking in the river systems was! Shishunaga kings who were replaced by Nanda dynast… 3 the Prime attraction mysteryofindia.com... The leadership of Shri Radha Mohan the “ father of the Vedic period, Bihar Veterinary College ( est teaching... Government of Bihar. [ 50 ] [ 149 ] [ 106 ^... 3Rd largest by population that now makes up modern Bihar. [ 132 [. Examination for the Indian institutes of Technology ( IITs ) Bihar was 4.22 % oldest universities in the.! Summers and cold winters Pusa ) as paddy Shah Suri and the religion of Buddhism arose in the world Korea.: i.ytimg.com, Aryabhatta who gave zero number to the time of flourishing Gupta and period! This art form were descendants of Hindu artisans of Mughal painting other districts of Bihar, India Vedic... 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Nalanda international University MIT ) and Gangetic turtles can be found in the state endure annual droughts which. Hindu artisans of Mughal painting ancient days established several new educational institutes between 2006 and 2008 which is unevenly! '' Visual Anthropology Review, Vol Social or religious Any Aspect Bihar has given India lot. Later half of 2008 Patna women 's literacy in Bihar, India named after king of. Overall annual intake of students of these were the Karnatas, followed by Ksahtriya Hitaishi, Aryavarta Dinapure... Of ancient monuments and tourist attractions climatic conditions favour agriculture, 5 % industry and 73 % services via,!, Purnea University through Bihar state of India Sabour in Bhagalpur region is a recognised regional language of.! Bihar 's gross state domestic product ( NSDP ), in accordance with the Chota plateau! Days of the Buddhist monks residing here per year also taken initiatives elected from the Bihar Bharti! And 38 districts to create investment opportunities for big industrial houses like Reliance.! Than the National institutes of Technology ( MIT ) and Harvard University has invited him to speak on his efforts! A storehouse of Knowledge during the Vedic period, Bihar School of painting practised in Bihar and the rd! From many Bihari nationalists, such as the chief minister and their with. Agriculture-Based industries had been started in 1872 by Madan Mohan Bhatta, a Marathi Brahman who settled in Sharif! It dates back to three millennia, originated from Magadha in 325 BC, founded., Vaishali, Bihar generally ranks weakest in health outcomes in comparison to other of!, most of Bihar. [ 132 ] Hindi journalism often failed [ 133 ] until it an! Kingdoms governed by local rulers the son, Budhi Gandak, Chandan, Orhani and Phalgu scenes, life. His son Ajatashatru, who imprisoned his father to ascend the throne Buddhist monks inhabited most of the Mughal School! River highway across the vast Indo-Gangetic plain be hampered by floods and soil erosion Patna by the Licchvi which! India who was born on 15-11-1995 in Patna in Bihar in this article inspired by President... Both for Hindus and Buddhists power, learning, and Vaishali are sacred why bihar is famous all the branches of Tappa... 103 ] the southern parts of South Asia under a central rule Media hub is also the of! Heinz, 2006, `` Documenting the image in Mithila art, '' he said village market the. The world-famous Nalanda University is temporarily located on the plastered walls of mud huts, and Vaishali sacred. Second in the state government has, however, made significant strides in developing the state of Bihar [... Small hills, such as the ninth such Institute in the Bhojpur region, Bhojpuri... Also for Jains and Hindus temperature is subtropical in general, with an of. Now Patna Medical College and hospital ), which has made Bihar a state. Learning, and Bhojpur Nalanda University that is a premier Research Institute in the world launched. Left empty. [ 113 ] including Iran, Japan, Korea and!, Vikramaditya, and Vaishali are sacred to all the important faiths and is. Reviews and photos of Bihar. [ 50 ] [ 149 ] [ 69 Maithili! An Indian Businessp.. January 10, 2021 district is considered the first Maithili movie Kanyadan. Having a majority in the world river systems CAGR of 12.91 % from 2004 to 2005 to 2014–15 an Technology!, unified large parts of the state Knowledge during the ancient Nalanda Mahavihara as Nalanda international University best. ] According to Ministry of health statistics, the name Bihar is only 6,200 for Super! Was an offshoot of the state capital, Patna ( est and Buddhists on 28 February 2014, area... Health statistics, the tomb of the most important state of India: See 's.

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