They celebrate the end of Ramadan with prayers, alms-giving, shopping, gift-giving, and feasting. The region around Kishanganj has a large Bengali speaking population. . East Bengal (Bengali: পূর্ববঙ্গ Purbô Bongo) was a geographically noncontiguous province of the Dominion of Pakistan covering Bangladesh.With its coastline on the Bay of Bengal, it bordered India and Burma.It was located very near to, but did not share a border with, Nepal, Tibet and the Kingdom of Bhutan.Its capital was Dhaka. [235][236][237], Coordinates: .mw-parser-output .geo-default,.mw-parser-output .geo-dms,.mw-parser-output .geo-dec{display:inline}.mw-parser-output .geo-nondefault,.mw-parser-output .geo-multi-punct{display:none}.mw-parser-output .longitude,.mw-parser-output .latitude{white-space:nowrap}22°34′N 88°22′E / 22.567°N 88.367°E / 22.567; 88.367 (West Bengal), "Paschim Banga" redirects here. Trend of Muslim Population in West Bengal (in per cent) Census Population Projected Population 1951 1961 1971 1981 1991 2001 2011 2021 2031 2041 19.85 20.00 20.46 21.52 23.61 25.25 26.86 27.89 28.70 29.36 Source: Census of India In West Bengal Hindus … [245] The stadium hosted the final match of the 2017 FIFA U-17 World Cup. As of January 2020, Population of West Bengal is estimated to be 102,741,588. The Calcutta Cricket and Football Club is the second-oldest cricket club in the world.[242]. [136], Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose International Airport at Dum Dum, Kolkata, is the state's largest airport. [18] The Bengali word Bongo might have been derived from the ancient kingdom of Vanga (or Banga). Hinduism constitutes 70.54% of West Bengal population. [11] For many decades the state underwent political violence and economic stagnation. The vast majority of Hindus in West Bengal are Bengali Hindusnumbering around 5.4 crore and comprising 59% of the state population, but a notable section of non-Bengali Hindus also exist, particularly among Marwaris, Biharis… [4] As of 2001, in decreasing order of number of speakers, the languages of the state are: Bengali (85.27%), Hindi (7.17%), Santali (2.80%), Urdu (2.06%), and Nepali (1.28%). West Bengal includes the Darjeeling Himalayan hill region, the Ganges delta, the Rarh region and the coastal Sundarbans. [207], Ganga Sagar Mela coincides with the Makar Sankranti, and hundreds of thousands of Hindu pilgrims converge where the river Ganges meets the sea to bathe en masse during this fervent festival.[206]. West Bengal has a conviction rate of 5.3% by its courts, convicting 348 cases of the 6,611 in which trials were complete. The density of West Bengal state in the current decade is 2664 per sq mile. [98] The mangrove forest also acts as a natural fish nursery, supporting coastal fishes along the Bay of Bengal. Both West Bengal and Bangladesh are parts of historical and geographic region of Bengal. [235][236][237] Kolkata is one of the major centres for football in India[238] and houses top national clubs such as Mohun Bagan Athletic Club, East Bengal Club and Mohammedan Sporting Club. Pollution of the Ganges from indiscriminate waste dumped into the river is a major problem. [222], In addition, the state is home to Kalyani University, The University of Burdwan, Vidyasagar University, and North Bengal University all well as established and nationally renowned schools to cover education needs at the district level and the Indian Institute of Science Education and Research, Kolkata. The state's main ethnic group are the Bengalis, with the Bengali Hindus forming the demographic majority. [213], West Bengal has eighteen universities. Some prominent financial dailies such as: The Economic Times, Financial Express, Business Line and Business Standard are widely circulated. [135] The Darjeeling Himalayan Railway, part of NFR, is a UNESCO World Heritage Site. The Sundarbans are noted for a reserve project devoted to conserving the endangered Bengal tiger, although the forest hosts many other endangered species such as the Gangetic dolphin, river terrapin and estuarine crocodile. [111], As of 2015[update], West Bengal has the sixth-highest GSDP in India. BJP says non-Bengalis like Neotia have contributed more (Pic courtesy www.mid-day.com. [243] Before its renovation in 2011, it was the second largest football stadium in the world, having a seating capacity of 120,000. [23][24][25], Stone Age tools dating back 20,000 years have been excavated in the state, showing human occupation 8,000 years earlier than scholars had thought. [4] In 2012, the state government passed a bill granting additional official status to Hindi, Odia, Punjabi, Santali and Urdu in areas where speakers exceed 10% of the population. 22% of women and 14% of men age 15–49 years have never attended school. [196] Common spices found in a Bengali kitchen include cumin, ajmoda (radhuni), bay leaf, mustard, ginger, green chillies and turmeric. As per the report published by the Census of India on 31st Mar., 2011, the state of West Bengal has got a total population of 91, 347, 736. Bengal's TFR of 1.6 roughly equals that of Canada. [214][215] Kolkata has played a pioneering role in the development of the modern education system in India. [60][61] This became a decisive reason behind the defeat of the ruling Left Front government in the 2011 assembly election. GSDP at current prices (base 2004–2005) has increased from Rs 2,086.56 billion in 2004–05 to Rs 8,00,868 crores in 2014–2015,[113] reaching Rs 10,21,000 crores in 2017–18. West Bengal schools are run by the state government or private organisations, including religious institutions. The Kolkata metro is the country's first underground railway. This was aided by the advent of information technology and IT-enabled services. The Council of Ministers reports to the Legislative Assembly. [30], The kingdom of Magadha was formed in the 7th century BCE, consisting of the regions now comprising Bihar and Bengal. The eastern part went to the Dominion of Pakistan as a province called East Bengal (later renamed East Pakistan in 1956), becoming the independent nation of Bangladesh in 1971. In West Bengal, 7,820,710 children (0-6) live in rural areas. Among men, western dress has greater acceptance. Their social reforms eventually led to a cultural atmosphere that made it possible for practices like sati, dowry, and caste-based discrimination, or untouchability, to be abolished. [218] The state government granted it university status in 2010 and it was renamed Presidency University. [50] Between 1905 and 1911 an abortive attempt was made to divide the province of Bengal into two zones. The idols of the goddess are brought in from Kumortuli, where idol-makers work throughout the year fashioning clay-models of the goddess. TMC strategists later warned Mamata about the risk of alienating Bengal’s 15 million non-Bengali Hindu population. The state invites musical groups from Darjeeling and other North East India states to perform choir recitals, carols, and jazz numbers. Vivekananda Yuba Bharati Krirangan (VYBK), is a multipurpose stadium in Kolkata, with a current capacity of 85,000. [115] The state's per capita income has lagged the all India average for over two decades. [117] Agriculture is the leading economic sector in West Bengal. Blocks consists of panchayats (village councils) and town municipalities. Panta bhat (rice soaked overnight in water) with onion and green chili is a traditional dish consumed in rural areas. The ‘Bengali And Non-Bengali’ Divide In West Bengal Politics. Religion wise, Hinduism is the major religion in West Bengal with 70.5%, followed by Muslim with 27%. [124] The tourism industry of West Bengal was negatively impacted in 2017 because of the Gorkhaland agitation. The state contributes 42 seats to the Lok Sabha[100] and 16 seats to the Rajya Sabha of the Indian Parliament. The Assembly is unicameral with 295 members, or MLAs,[99] including one nominated from the Anglo-Indian community. [97] The high-altitude forests of Singalila National Park shelter barking deer, red panda, chinkara, takin, serow, pangolin, minivet and kalij pheasants. According to UID, West Bengal population in 2020 is estimated to be 99 Million (9.9 Crores). Shyama Sangeet is a genre of devotional songs, praising the Hindu goddess Kali;[182] kirtan is devotional group songs dedicated to the god Krishna. Hinduism is the largest religious tradition in the Indian state of West Bengal with approximately 70.54% of the population identifying themselves as Hindus (as of 2011). Of the 30 per cent, however, at least 24 per cent are Bengali-speaking Muslims. New Delhi: A number of union ministers and BJP leaders, led by home minister Amit Shah, have hit the ground in West Bengal as part of the party’s campaign plan for the assembly elections next year. The judiciary is composed of the Calcutta High Court and a system of lower courts. T he spotlight in 2021 seems to be on the West Bengal assembly election but it is the Assam polls that will tell the big political story of recent years — another convincing win by the Bharatiya Janata Party would show how it has learnt to capture territories that are not organic to it, not just electorally, but also politically and culturally. These are probably descendants of Bangal migrants from the east. [43][44], Several European traders reached this area in the late 15th century. [158] As of 2011, West Bengal had a population density of 1,029 inhabitants per square kilometre (2,670/sq mi) making it the second-most densely populated state in India, after Bihar. [40] Later, in 1576, it was absorbed into the Mughal Empire. The state has 86% Bengalis and 14% non-Bengalis. [13][14] There is moderate unemployment. Population of West Bengal - Located between Himalayas and the Bay of Bengal, West Bengal is fourth most populous state in India. 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